Organization: Canada Post
Ron Bolt, Fundy National Park
Antoine Dumas, Quebec Carnival
Definitive-Fundy National Park
Fundy National Park is part of the Appalachian Mountain chain. Various ice ages left the area with poor, rocky soil. Limited agricultural prospects and the rugged coast discouraged settlement until the early 19th century, when Europeans came for lumber. The forest industry prospered, as did shipbuilding, but by the 1930’s, the rise of steel ships and overcutting of the forest had thoroughly devastated the regional economy. Nevertheless, tourists had discovered the area, and even as the locals were departing for greener pastures, officials were scouring New Brunswick for a national park site. The park was officially opened in July 1950.
Perhaps the park’s most striking feature is the Bay of Fundy itself. Twenty-nine foot tides roll in and out twice a day. The receding tide exposes a diverse array of plant and animal life divided into zones according to preference for air or water. Lobsters, herring, dogfish, sculpins, goosefish, smelt, salmon, as well as pilot whales, porpoises and harbour seals, dwell offshore. Large sharks are rare, though in June 1930, nearby fishermen reportedly caught a 37-foot great white shark.
Wooded flat-topped hills and steep river valleys characterize the park’s interior. The forest contains a wide variety of bird and animal life, including the reclusive eastern cougar.
This $1 stamp is the first of a new series of high-value definitive stamps on the theme of our national parks as part of Canada’s total environment. Ron Bolt, the realist painter who illustrated the stamp, found his inspiration in the abstract rhythms of the landscape and the powerful sweep of the tides, which are the dominant feature of the Bay of Fundy.
Since its inception in 1954, the Quebec Winter Carnival has promoted a sense of merriment and good humour. That year, business and civic authorities resurrected a winter carnival which had expired in the late 19th century. A spiritual descendant of Champlain’s Order of Good Cheer, the new festival banished the discontents of February. The event now rates with the Carnival of Rio de Janeiro and the Mardi Gras of New Orleans as one of the world’s great pre-Lenten festivals.
Revellers prepare for the “fun blitz” by equipping themselves with a red tuque, a sash, and a hollow cane containing a refreshing elixir. They then indulge in parades, fireworks displays, singing, dancing, various types of racing, hockey and other winter sports.
The genial “Bonhomme Carnaval”, a seven-foot talking snowman, keeps a watchful eye on the amusements. “Put care aside for the period of my reign and share the joy of all my subjects,” he exhorts. The Carnival starts when “Bonhomme Carnaval” arrives, and ends when he “melts” for another year. The joyous spirit of the Carnival has been faithfully rendered by Antoine Dumas, Quebec City artist, in his gouache illustration for this stamp. The celebrants are wearing traditional Canadian winter garb, with the red tuque and the gaily patterned wool sash called the “ceinture fléchée”.
Postage stamps – an expression of Canadian unity
The physical version of this product is part of the federal identity archive.